Healthcare Engineering

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Head: Thomas Lechevallier

Overview

The Healthcare Engineering option is entirely in keeping with Centrale Nantes' focus on 'engineering for health' and 'industry of the future', preparing students for engineering professions in the healthcare sector.

Objective

The option aims to develop the graduate's skills so that he/she can:

  • understand health challenges for patients, the general public and the health sector,
  • become familiar with the underlying health principles in France, Europe and the world,
  • anticipate developments in the health sector through new technologies,
  • pursue a career in the public or private hospital sector,
  • manage urbanisation of current or future information systems,
  • to understand the industrial players in the health sector,
  • to take part in technical and organizational projects alongside committed stakeholders.

Four-part course (136 hours)

  • Part 1 (32 hours): health the fundamentals of medicine, population health and its political and societal organization),
  • Part 2 (32 hours): engineering in hospitals (digital, biomedical, research, logistics, works, quality),
  • Part 3 (32 hours): engineering in healthcare companies (drugs, imaging, biomedical devices, information systems, construction, consulting, etc),
  • Part 4 (40 hours): health (hospital, private, public and industrial) projects.

Course Content

Part 1. Health: the fundamentals (24 hrs lectures / 6 hrs tutorials)

  • Body and mind
    • A/ physiology: embryology / cell biology / biochemistry - basic anatomy - nervous, digestive, cardiovascular, respiratory, immune, haematology, nephro-urothelial systems - adaptability of the body: tolerance - senescence
    • B/ pathology, the different diseases: cancerology, vascular pathology, traumatology, autoimmune diseases, infectiology, toxicology, psychiatry, genetics.
  • How medicine works on the mind and body
    • A/ Clinical examination and questions,
    • B/ diagnostic research: imaging, biology, invasive procedures,
    • C/ treatment: medication and pharmacy, physiotherapy and rehabilitation, dietetics, surgery or intervention, dialysis / chemo /transfusion, resuscitation, radiotherapy, pain,
  • The human being (ethical debates and case studies)
    • doctor-patient relationship,
    • medical ethics: 4 principles (autonomy, benevolence, non-maleficence, justice),éthique médicale : 4 principes (autonomie, bienveillance, non harmlessness, justice),
    • psychology vis-a-vis medicine,

  • Health on a large scale:
    • population and public health,
    • epidemics,
    • humanitarian medicine
  • Health networks and service providers:
    • In the community: GP, home hospitalisation, out-patient care, networks with paramedic care,
    • shared medical records,
    • hospital: care network, role of the different service providers (medical, support and administrative services,)
    • Importance of time: emergencies, waiting times, community action.

Part 2. Engineering in hospitals (16 hrs lectures / 14 hours tutorials)

  • Hospitals (general presentation of hospital engineering professions and hospital visit if possible)
  • Biomedical engineering:
    • Health constraints,
    • Regulatory constraints,
    • Imaging,
    • Biology,
    • Operating theatres
    • Hospital equipment (Ultrasound, Scope, ECG etc)
  • Software engineering
    • DSN organisation,
    • Service contrats,
    • Hospital information system urbanisation,
    • Project management,
    • Role of the compliance officer,
    • Hospital information system security
  • Research engineering: 
    • Research organization,
    • Research professions
  •  Quality engineering: 
    • Quality organization,
    • Health constraints
    • Regulatory constraints,
    • Certification

Part 3. Engineering in healthcare companies (24 hrs lectures / 6 hrs tutorials)

  • Pharmaceutical firms
    • Presentation of the market,
    • Presentation of the industrial field,
    • Presentation of the engineering professions,
  • Biomedical equipment firms:
    • Presentation of the market,
    • Presentation of the industrial field,
    • Presentation of the engineering professions,
  • Digital businesses:
    • Presentation of the market,
    • Presentation of the industrial field,
    • Presentation of the engineering professions,
  • Use of health data, AI
  • Research:
    • Presentation of the profession with an example of research in nuclear imagery

Part 4. Health (hospital, private, public and industrial) projects

A list of projects - covering all three parts above - will be put together after specialisation launch. 
Published on May 14, 2020 Updated on June 5, 2020